Economic reasons are often the origins of criminal behavior profit-oriented. The criminal, that is, would be sensitive to the benefits that the estimated costs of his behavior, and many of these belong to the risk of punishment. The microeconomic theory can explain some criminal behavior and help to decrease the amount contributed to the formation of policies that reduce the benefits and increase the costs. This is a first relationship between the economy and crime.
A second report focuses on the real criminal behavior called 'economic'. If there are many profit-oriented criminal behavior, not everyone can be defined economic. In the economic crime category includes, in fact, all those criminal acts that are committed by the authors of 'high social position' (white-collar crime o white collar crime) within legitimate economic activity, and abuse the confidence of third parties, victims of these behaviors. The white-collar "White collar crime" is the concept used by the American criminologist Edwin H. Sutherland to explain economic crime, with particular attention to offenders and their position in the social and productive structure of belonging. It is, without doubt, a significant innovation in the criminological reflection of the time, which was mainly the reduction of criminal behavior only to those violent and appropriative; with the result that they were only considered criminals who were incarcerated in prison, and who belonged mainly to the most disadvantaged social classes.
These are crimes that can be committed by professionals or by the heads of companies criminally to increase the corporate profits (corporate crime and corporate crime or organizational crime), or by the managers or employees of a company against this (occupational crime ). All conceptual definitions that follow the various evolutions of economic relations where the line between legal and illegal has as its criterion the existing legal rules in a given context of space and time.
From north to south, it is now a custom, conducting illegal activities to get more results. It assists in Italy for a series of investigations, including "The Moses", "Mafia capital", "Holy Mother", which represent the geography of Italy.
Unfortunately Calabria in the so-called business crime is most prevalent.
For the Prosecutor Di Landro, who recalled 2010 as the annus horribilis for the judiciary Reggina, "the time has not brought with it the darkening of Mafias" proving "the perversity of evil" identified in these lands in the 'Ndrangheta He is disappearing "real economy."
In fact, For Di Landro, "the orthodox answer which comes with criminal jurisdiction does not solve the problem. You have to make a quantum leap in the fight against organized crime, such as a greater use of preventive measures, in order not to complicate the timing of the criminal process. "
But the public prosecutor of Reggio Calabria has not only talked about the media and the anti-mafia law and returned to also highlight the problems within the judiciary highlighting how "in Italy there is not a judicial problem, as a justice issue."
It is therefore necessary from an education that must combine the principle of legality with the ethical leading to a "moral propensity to show the way to freedom."
To the Attorney General of the Republic of Catanzaro Santi Consolo, "The Judiciary must not be self-referential and should not cry on, but look at the regulatory framework" that serve to counter the phenomenon of organized crime.
Hence the need, following the example of the Catanzaro District, to create coordination, memoranda of understanding between judges, DIA and police headquarters for what was termed a "dynamic management" of confiscated property.
Goods that in most cases, emphasizes Consolo, "are returned to the people who had been kidnapped."
A case of the above, we read it in an investigation where the accused continued to manage the company directly that the state had confiscated for years. Leading the Euroedil was officially chartered Francesca Marcello, a fact, however, all matters were taken care of by Giuseppe Stefano Tito Liuzzo, the mafia Arangea of Reggio Calabria district. The Marcellus signed everything: shopping, assumptions, practices and budgets. But what I was signing Liuzzo and they asked her to sign, nothing more nothing less. A wooden head, rewarded with free work at home. Now those favors, cost him the charges of collusion with the Mafia, corruption and embezzlement. One disturbing insight is revealed with the "phoenix" operation that led to the arrest of 47 people (29 in jail others under house arrest). The DDA in Reggio Calabria has indeed stripped to reports, the connivance, complicity of a broad and diverse area of the world of professions. Lawyers, accountants, banks and entrepreneurs connected more or less directly with the men of reggini clan. Gangs who "hid" their business especially in the real estate market. As explained by the Prosecutor of Reggio, Federico Cafiero de Raho, "it is not simplistically the 'Ndrangheta." But "the 'Ndrangheta more dangerous," that "in suits who dirty the legal market, thanks to the complicity that come to market itself." On one hand, then with the connivance professionals - "advisers" and "accounting" - explaining to the boss how and where to hide assets and activities to prevent the seizures of property by the judiciary. Across the business "internal management" that the gangs they shared during actual summit attended by the families concerned.
As discovered by the Command of the Guardia di Finanza, and specialists of the Tax and Gico, the clans were able to obtain confidential information. The key of access to certain rooms was guaranteed by the lawyer Mario Giglio. It was he who met representatives of law enforcement agencies from which "steal" the news that interested the boss. Godfathers who have dropped out of the slums and the villages of the province of Reggio Calabria, and who sit more often at the same table with bank officials or the state. For this Cafiero de Raho speaks of an investigation which is "among the most important made in recent years in Reggio Calabria". Why "going to hit the top level of the 'Ndrangheta, and outlines the scenario of a criminal organization that is increasingly camouflaged in the world economy and the professions and imposing on legal economic damage".
The magistrate Nicola Gratteri, said during a public meeting:
"Even before politics and 'Ndrangheta, the problem of Calabria are the paintings of the public service'.
According to Gratteri, they are employed and public managers to cause the inefficiency of public administration, while elected politicians are only "weak" figure and "without preparation". "There are general managers - says Gratteri - who for twenty years are in the same place, and uncensored manage public affairs with mafia methods."
Another investigation that has shaken even the Senate of the Italian Republic is the one that led to the arrest of Senator Antonio Caridi.
In Reggio Calabria, it is considered a "leader and organizer of the" private "component of the 'Ndrangheta." So he writes the judge for preliminary investigations in the order in which it is called for the arrest of political Calabrian. National Landmark, in short, of what the prosecutor in Reggio Calabria led by Federico Cafiero de Raho defines a secret facility and the criminal organization summit. An entity that looks a lot like a super Masonic lodge. And besides, in very difficult times it was one of the most influential godfathers in the region to explain, intercepted, the genetic mutation of the Calabrian Mafia: "The 'Ndrangheta is part of Freemasonry," exclaimed with his companion some time ago Pantaleone Mancuso, ruler of Vibo Valentia, aka "Cabinet" to a higher-level role of Freemasonry than the old 'Ndrangheta, which, in the opinion of the boss, must "modernize ... do not stay with the old rules, because the world is changing and we must change all things! Today we call it "Freemasonry" .... tomorrow we call P4, P6, P9 ".
In fact the links between Freemasonry and environments "n'dranghetisti" has always talked about but never arrived to excellent arrests. And 'these days the news that the anti-mafia parliamentary committee has asked for lists of all members to check for any decent little presence.
Of this dome elite are part when five people. The leaders are two lawyers (and this says a lot about the nature of this entity) Giorgio De Stefano and Paolo Romeo. Both have marked the criminal history of the Straits. From the Executioner who spring onwards, including Freemasonry diverted, subversion black and dense tangles with even national power. Next to them there, and investigators speculate pm, Alberto Sarra, former undersecretary in the regional government led by Giuseppe Scopelliti. Slightly further down in the hierarchy is the entrepreneur Francesco Chirico. And finally, the politician who arrived in Rome: Antonio Caridi. Del Senator Caridi, the investigation acts "Mammasantissima" coordinated by prosecutor Giuseppe Lombardo, is his entire political career. A path, now emerges, spoiled by the continuous support of the thighs Reggine. For example, "he was granted in respect of the support of the 'Ndrangheta mafia clan De Stefano, during all the elections which took part, from the first application (municipal elections in 1997) in the regional elections of 2010"; "He was granted in respect of the support of the 'Ndrangheta clan Crucitti Audino and during the regional elections of 2005". So also, but with the support of several families, for the regional in 2000, for the municipal of 2007 and so on. It also used a 'ndrina the city, the Tegano, to "identify the author of intimidation suffered nine years ago." Not only. For the system to which it belongs would decide appointments in subsidiaries, had driven assumptions and channeled funds. All this to facilitate the association. Even 'deflected by the use of their public role, the charges from time to time held within the City Council of Reggio Calabria, the City Council of Reggio Calabria, the Regional Council of Calabria, the Regional Council of Calabria and the Senate of the Republic. "
So the simplest elections (municipal) to the most important (administrative), the votes in Calabria are driven, and trying to make elect the "white" candidate who will then be available to families. The latter can never escape the various requests that will be submitted, because it is a way to thank those who helped him.
In Calabria, the "white collar" method is very rooted, especially due to the numerous works done on the motorway project "SA-RC", to the port of Gioia Tauro, and the various shopping centers that have been made.
Among all, citing the construction of the shopping center "Porto of Olives" falling in the territory of "Rizziconi" (RC), typically in the hands of the family / clan Create.
For this center there was the arrest of a regional council (Pasquale Inzitari), some municipal employees, but there was also the death of a boy, the son of the director, the death of his brother in law for a car bomb effect ... .etc..
Calabria This is the unscrupulous.
Another scourge has been the realization of numerous industrial establishments within the port of Gioia Tauro with a series of interventions to rain (Act 488 and reads 44/86) grant, creating numerous cathedrals in the desert, enriching the usual suspects, in the expense of wooden heads, which lent themselves for a handful of Euros. Once you have the funding and the work done at a much lower cost than is necessary, but report it exactly to the penny what has been achieved, it created a huge amount of cash that could be used to make "the washing machine".
In fact, "Calabria in the construction of shopping centers and certain activities are nothing more than" washing "of ill repute, which uses many young people attracted by easy money.
Unemployment on the one hand and the easy money promised by members of other gangs create an army of people that always makes available to families.
Suffice to say that this army is able to make a more strict control of the territory over to the police. In small towns there are youngsters who for a handful of money the night controlling all points of the country access to more freedom in their malfeasances.
A practice used enough, is the replacement of the directors of companies in the odor of the Mafia. Just do a simple change of name, finding a so-called "wooden head" which serves as a director and the company becomes white, free to participate in various tenders, coming maybe in the white list of the prefectures. A very important work from this point of view it can and must do the barracks, which in the area know all the people and their acquaintances, especially thanks to the experience gained by some commanders to station.
Another practice is taking (on paper) in labeled companies to relatives in order to escape from custody in prison. In fact, in case of arrest judgment, the lawyers demanding the custody of the employer.
If all these minds, rather than strive for malfeasance, to commit themselves to the common good, to create development, Calabria would like the Northern and Central regions for tourism, agriculture and handicrafts.