The second decade of the 2000 can be termed as the decade of attacks, mainly carried out by terrorist groups of Islamic origin: it is what we call Isis or Is that is creating a kind of psychological terror and fear.
Formerly known as Isis (the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria) or Isil (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), the IS is an Islamic organization jihadist mold, active mainly between Iraq and Syria . Is established in 2006 as the Islamic State of Iraq (ISI), as successor to the Al-Qaida group (AQI), born after the war in that territory in 2003. After the outbreak of the Syrian Civil War, the group also it expands in Syria and called the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (Isis), under the leadership of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi. The latter, in June 2014, declared the establishment of the Caliphate in the conquered territories in Iraq, around the city of Mosul, and Syria, in order to extend its authority over all lands inhabited by Muslims. It is at this time that the group changed its name again, to become simply Is (Islamic state).
The Is is considered a terrorist organization by the UN and several states.
You can tell everything on the Islamic State (IS), but that has not made the most of the weaknesses of others. From a military standpoint, the success of the jihadist colossus that is terrorizing the world and consolidating its possessions between Syria and Iraq, is due to the ability to exploit those that have been the identifying weapons from the early years of the last war in Iraq. IEDs (improvised explosive devices or) were, in fact, used to a very effective methodologies, and never seen before: if the hidden bombs on roadsides, have used many, the SI has been a pioneer in adopting military means armored loads of huge quantities of explosives. What makes these particularly fearsome weapons are certainly London's new war strategy employed by the IS, but above all as meticulously recounts the new report Mapping the supply of used parts to the IED of the Islamic State released today by the Conflict Armament Research (CAR), the knowledge that their basic elements are commercial goods and the use civil, not subject to export licenses and the transfer of which is not subject to the same clenched ballots of conventional weapons. "A surprise is the ease and speed with which the IS procures these parts both inside and outside of his State, and which then goes up and use in the field," says James Bevan, Director of the CAR, organization independent and subsidized by the European Union committed itself to investigating the supply of weapons to areas of conflict, "and this is a clear sign of how integrated into local economies, and able to sustain itself." Together with the elements used in the agricultural and industrial sectors, including the key parts in achieving the IED, the CAR has also examined cell phones and telecommunication cables, because it is "their supply to serve as an unmistakable sign for acquisition networks used from the SI forces, "says the CAR report. The fact that they were found in the hands of the militants - Nokia RM-908 model 105 - which means, "the IS sends people specifically to buy stock of phones, cheap and easily separable, that can be programmed with the same parameters, to prevent the fighters put in difficulty each other, "says Bevan. "We even found labels with instructions in Arabic on the ringtone to use, and the phone company to lean on ...".
However, "the very presence of intermediaries, actively seeking members on behalf of the SI, is the basis of the entire chain of production and distribution of weapons."
After almost two years of non-stop investigations, the work of Conflict Armament Research is not finished. The goal now is to put together a record as detailed and representative as possible of the acquisition process on the ground, "because the only way you can identify the similarities and establish a general model." Parallel "we want to start looking at money flows around the buying and selling of common goods, such as food, because it is there, and in other commercial products, and civil interest - see for FDI - and not exhaustible resources such as oil, which are the real answers. "
One thing you should do is think about the interconnectedness that we could be part of the arms trade between ISIS and other forms of organized crime. Organised crime has a high capacity to infiltrate the economic and social fabric, manages to establish relations with civil society, it is fed by the collusion and corruption.
The Europol report (June 2013) states that in Europe there are 3,600 criminal clans are able to interact with each other and the Italian mafia organizations still represent the greatest threat to the European Union. The main criminal activities of these groups, that always maintain a low profile, are money laundering and drug trafficking on a large scale.
However, they are also involved in corruption, counterfeiting and trafficking in toxic waste. In these times of economic crisis, the immense resources that organized criminal groups have at their disposal (the Calabrian 'Ndrangheta is estimated that generate illicit revenues to 44 billion euro a year), it allows them to more easily infiltrate the legal economy , injecting much-needed liquidity in companies struggling not to close.
The 'Ndrangheta Calabrian criminal organization is divided into gangs, particularly rooted in the province of Reggio Calabria, but with ramifications around the world.
In Calabrian dialect, 'Ndrangheta meant "a member of the Honoured Society" but more generally designated every man "valiant", able to protect and enforce their honor. After World War II the term began to be used in the present meaning. The Calabrian mafia family ( 'ndrina) has at its center a blood family, around which there is a large network of natural and artificial relationships. The numerical size of the clan is a key variable in determining the power of his head, because it depends on its strength, in terms of staff available to armed confrontation, as well as its ability to control the territory and influence the life of the community. The compactness and the group stability are enhanced by extensive use of rituals, symbols and regulations. Internal cohesion, continuously cemented by practice of intermarriage, and the involvement of relatives in illegal activities, pose the 'ndrina away from accusations and betrayals. The Calabrian clans operating outside of Calabria retain close links with their homeland and preserve the same structure of the original clans, adhering to the same patterns of behavior.
Since the early '70s, the' Ndrangheta suffered an impetuous entrepreneurial transformation, reaction to the progressive loss of prestige and power of the mafia legitimacy following the socio-economic development of the country and the dissolution of traditional socio-cultural buoyancy. When wealth became the first and most important component of honor, the main Mafia families of Reggio Calabria, Locri and the Piana di Gioia Tauro undertook activities to guarantee their rapid accumulation of capital (bribes, seizures). Combining the proceeds of such crimes of violence and to the ability of intimidation and corruption that were traditionally own, the 'Ndrangheta was able to fit in the subcontracting of large public works. At the end of the decade, 'ndrine assumed a growing role in international traffic in narcotics and weapons.
The 'Ndrangheta has long been underestimated by the public and national institutions themselves. Its danger is fully disclosed only by subsequent investigations and repressive, where the gangs have responded with a subversive strategy of frontal confrontation with the state.
Expanding the boundaries, it seems there is an axis linking Libya to Calabria, ancient art in exchange for weapons. It 'a report in La Stampa, signed by Domenico Quirico, to reveal the existence of a link between Isis and the' Ndrangheta. Crossroad of illegal business is Gioia Tauro, in the province of Reggio Calabria and home to one of the main Italian ports. In Gioia Tauro is the basic sorting of archaeological finds that the Isis looted in Libya and the Near East: the head of a statue looted costs 60,000 Euros.
Quirico, who met a smuggler seller, explains that the weapons "come from Moldova and Ukraine through the Russian mafia." Then onto the pitch brokers and sellers who belong to the families of the 'Ndrangheta and the Camorra Lamezia bell. The transport of the "findings is ensured by the Chinese crime with their countless ships and containers".
The reports La Stampa explains how it develops the relationship between Isis and the 'Ndrangheta.
Until recently, buyers were Americans, museums and private. When they discovered that the money needed to buy weapons for the Isis, the Americans have blocked everything. Now customers are Russian, Chinese, Japanese and Arabic.
Behind this alliance between the Caliphate and the Calabrian organized crime also hides the track KGB: in fact it seems that the findings of the traffic would actually directed by the Russian intelligence services, his heirs.
It would seem also that military Chechens and Uzbeks have passed for Russian training camps, then becoming commanders of jihadist formations. This element would strengthen the hypothesis that among the founders of Isis, there are senior officers of the dissolved army of Saddam Hussein trained by the Soviets.
Even the prosecutor of Reggio Calabria sounded the alarm: "The gangs could support the Isis in exchange for weapons and drugs." Here's what we risk:
The threat Isis is very clear. Alerts on the web of a probable Italy now are daily attack. The cutthroats speak of a "Mediterranean wet with the blood of the Italians" and want to put "the black flag of the Colosseum".
But to attack our country, the jihadists need a support. Hard to think of an operation which does not provide support on Italian soil. Of Italians voted for jihad there are so many of counterterrorism in the viewfinder. But apparently the Islamic State will not bet on lone wolves, but on criminal organizations on our territory. To reveal this background is the prosecutor of Reggio Calabria Federico Cafiero de Raho. According to the magistrate, it could be born an axis' Ndrangheta - Isis in southern Italy based on agreements providing for the exchange of weapons and drugs in exchange for the arrival on our territory of jihadist cells from North Africa. The prosecutor points out that "it is a hypothesis to go, on which it is worth working on and which to keep a very high attention. Keep a very high attention on these issues at least as far as our DDA is crucial. It is clear - says de Raho - that in an area so thoroughly controlled by the 'Ndrangheta terrorism may have logistical support, roofs on farms, in mountain terrain or covers through falsified documents in exchange for weapons and drugs. "
According to the prosecutor of Reggio Calabria, the 'Ndrangheta is a criminal organization that is moving solely for profit purposes. By Isis, he is able to have drugs, especially heroin, for now, get from Turkey, Iraq, Nigeria.
As for the presence in Calabria of exponents of 'IS, explained: "Some have been shown to share fully the propaganda, even those operating modes, but there is that they are already in the area of terrorism. We proximity clues but not the intraneità terrorism. the speech that we attenzionando - he added - is on the monitoring of certain characters who, through the internet, with inputs into Facebook or other social, can be indirectly or directly traced to individuals who are placed in nearby areas ISIS or even have trained with them or who make propaganda of that type. The field of investigation is very broad in this respect. "
In light of the above, the scenario seems worrying and to stem the flow, before it's too late, you will need the involvement of all national and international politics to chart a common course of action.